SOME MEDICAL FACTS
Flat feet (also called pes planus or fallen arches) is a postural deformity in which the arches of the foot collapse, with the entire sole of the foot coming into complete or near-complete contact with the ground. Some individuals (an estimated 20–30% of the general population) have an arch that simply never develops in one foot (unilaterally) or both feet (bilaterally).
There is a functional relationship between the structure of the arch of the foot and the biomechanics of the lower leg. The arch provides an elastic, springy connection between the forefoot and the hind foot. This association safeguards so that a majority of the forces incurred during weight bearing of the foot can be dissipated before the force reaches the long bones of the leg and thigh.
Flat feet can develop in adulthood (“adult acquired flatfoot”) due to injury, illness, unusual or prolonged stress to the foot, faulty biomechanics, or as part of the normal aging process. This is most common in women over 40 years of age. Known risk factors include obesity, hypertension and diabetes. Flat feet can also occur in pregnant women as a result of temporary changes, due to increased elastin (elasticity) during pregnancy. However, if developed by adulthood, flat feet generally remain flat permanently.
GAIT CYCLE ANALYSIS
The Gait Analysis pages describe how each of the 12 common foot problems affect the way you walk and how this affects the physiology of your body as a whole. An awkward gait causing abnormal steps will change how your weight is distributed across your lower back and lower body joints. An awkward gait can lead to back pain, hip pain, knee pain, ankle pain & heel pain and in many cases; shoulder and neck pain! Its important to remember that your feet are the foundation that support your whole body. If the foundation is faulty, your whole body is affected.
Bio Human 3D model of a Flat Foot
Bio Human 3D Model
Click on the image to the left to see a 3d Bio Human model of the Anatomy and Physiology of your foot. By selecting any component of the anatomy of this model of your foot you can view it on its own. You can turn the model 360 degress, zoom in and out and strip away parts to reveal the functions of the foot. This is a medical tool and is used by doctors and surgeons world wide and accurately depicts the physiology of the human foot in detail.
Select the “click to interact in 3d” to manipulate the model. Select any anatomical component using your mouse pointer. The Anatomical component will change colour. Go to the menu that appears on your screen where you can the select different menu items that allow you to manipulate the model. Note: Edit items in the menu allow you to isolate parts, dissect parts and cross section parts of the foot anatomy.