A bunion is a bony bump at the base of the big toe. Joint mal-alignment that can become larger over time is the base cause of bunions. The big toe will deviate toward the smaller toes. A bunion can be very painful due to pressure and/or arthritis and lead to instability of other joints in the foot.
- Anti-inflammatory medications, pads.
- Pads, wider toe-box shoes, and less heel height may help but will not reduce the Bunion.
- Custom shoe inserts (functional 2ft Orthotics) can address the overall instability of the foot and will slow down the progression of the bunion and in many cases eliminate the Bunion and return the foot to the correct shape.
- As a very last resort surgery can correct the bunion deformity but requires significant painful surgical intervention, an intermediate healing time and follow up physiotherapy.